The Evolution of ADAS
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are groups of electronic technologies that assist drivers in driving and parking functions. Through a safe human-machine interface, ADAS increase car and road safety. ADAS use automated technology, such as sensors and cameras, to detect nearby obstacles or driver errors, and respond accordingly. The evolution of ADAS emerged and started with a gentleman called Ralph Teetor. He invented the modern cruise control, originally known as Speedostat. This was adapted and made up of a dashboard speed selector that connected to an engine compartment mechanism. This evolution began in 1948 and grew into bigger things.
1971 saw the electronic cruise control patented by Daniel Wisner. This invention used electric pulses to keep a vehicle moving at a constant speed. In 1990 Adaptive cruise control was invented by William Chundrlik and Pamela Labuhn. An adaptive cruise system for a vehicle maintains a desired selected operator-set speed in the absence of a detected preceding target vehicle. It adjusts the vehicle speed when a target vehicle is detected to maintain a following distance that is set by the vehicle operator.
Due to every advancement of the modern era and demand for the next best technology, a company called Hughes Research Laboratories and Delco Electronics showcased a radar-based forward collision avoidance system. Collision avoidance systems utilise a computer-operated system comprised of radar, laser, and/or video technology to predict whether the vehicle is at risk for a collision. This ADAS advancement came about in 1995 and was embedded by OnStar, founded by General Motors (GM). In 2007 OnStar switched to a digital platform and offered more means of data processing and communication.
2008 was a significant year, with Volvo introducing City Safety Automatic Emergency Braking. The Volvo X60 was the first car to be launched with standard fit AEB. In 2010 Volvo launched pedestrian detection with full auto brake. The system uses radar and cameras to warn a driver if somebody steps out in front of the car, and then brakes automatically if the driver fails to stop.
Our lives are based on the importance of, and the expectation of what technology can do for us. So, to have it at our fingertips in our vehicles is as customised as you can be. We all in this modern era rely on the advancements, and they certainly affect how we interact and communicate. Our cars are no different.